NEET(National Eligibility cum Entrance Test):

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET-UG is an entrance examination in India, for students who wish to study any graduate medical course (MBBS/ dental course (BDS) from government or private medical colleges in India.

Syllabus for NEET is based on XI & XII CBSE course

  • My suggestions for cracking NEET:
    • You need to get well acquainted with NEET syllabus. Begin from NCERT book itself. NCERT has an easy and direct approach which will help in building a strong conceptual base.
    • Every concept given in the text book should be understood properly under the guidance of experienced lecturer .
    • Take the guidance from such teacher who have experience of teaching objective questions, as the study of subjective and objective questions is different.
    • Completion of course within a single year is necessary as the huge course require many revisions which  can be done in the second year.
    • Practice the diagram and all logical questions given in the text book. Clear you concepts by using well known reference books.
    • Botany & Zoology should be remembered with equal attention. The concepts of Botany require more understanding hence they should be revised again and again.
  • Continuously analyze your performance by giving class tests promptly. Focus on weaknesses, get it again understood from the teacher.
  • Regular tests will increase your speed which is greatly needed for solving the complete paper in given time.
  • NEET is bound to get tougher each year with the growing competition so it is a good idea for aspirants to use every second and start their preparations after taking admission in XI class.
  • Planning is necessary and do it under the guidance of teacher. Every day the written record of the studies completed should be kept.
  • Only making the plan won’t work unless you abide by it. Take the help of parents to make it possible.
  • Get all your doubts cleared from experts. Focus on topics that seem important from exam point of view rather than mugging up the whole syllabus. Previous year papers will also aid you to get a better understanding of how questions are asked in the examination.
  • With so much study material available these days, aspirants become confused. There is no need for you to stress about the choosing the right requisites. After you have a command on NCERT questions, you can move on to books referred by toppers or important notes from your coaching. Notes shouldn’t be lengthy and tedious.
  • Fitness is the pre-requisite for the best performance. I always tell about proper nutrition, exercise, meditation so that students can avoid mental and physical fatigue. They should take short period of break for rejuvenating  their spirits after a long period of study.  The fresh mind will retain more information.
  • Your company also has a significant impact on your preparation. Surround yourself with people who inspire and motivate you. Being around peers who are determined and dedicated towards their goals will further assist you in reaching your potential. Give special attention to be around people who are optimistic as they will boost your morale even when the days seem dull and hope seems just beyond your reach.
  • Medical profession is considered as noblest as you can help the needy persons and can serve for the nation in best way.
  • After taking basic degree of MBBS, a vast range of career options will open for you ……

There are 59 different types of doctors and their specializations-

Eg. Endocrinologist, Gastroenterologist, Hepatologist, Dermatologist, Immunologist , Intensivist,  Nephrologist, Neurosurgeon, Oncologist, Ophthalmologist, Orthopedic Surgeon / Orthopedist, Parasitologist, Pathologist, Pediatrician, Physiatrist, Plastic Surgeon,  Sports Medicine Specialist, Surgeon, Anasthesiologist , Allergist, etc.

KVPY, IISER entrance, NEST, ICAR,  etc. are the exams conducted on CBSE (XI, XII) syllabus and their detail information can be obtained from their respective websites.

KVPY (Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana) :

The Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY) is an on-going National Program of Fellowship in Basic Sciences, initiated and funded by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, to attract exceptionally highly motivated students for pursuing basic science courses and research career in science.

Students who will clear KVPY written exam and interview will be eligible for direct admission in top institutes like IISc and the various IISERs.

This exam is conducted to identify the students with talented aptitude for research and  to develop a best scientific mind for research and development in country.

The exam can be given from XI std. up-to 1st year. The syllabus is based on CBSE XI & XII curriculum. This exam is somewhat different than that of NEET as great understanding of every concept is required.

The study can be done by using good reference books giving explanation about every concept. The guidance from  expert of the subject is absolutely required for completing huge course of XI & XII as early as possible.

1) Stream SA – Students enrolled in class XI are eligible for SA which is normally conducted in the month of November. Students should complete the course of Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Maths of CBSE XI & XII. The time permitted is  only up to the November of his/her XI std. The exam is of 100 marks, each subject carries 25 marks.



Part I Questions (1 mark per question/-0.25 for wrong answer) Part II Questions (2 marks per question/-0.5 for wrong answer) Total Marks
Mathematics 15 5 25
Physics 15 5 25
Chemistry 15 5 25
Biology 15 5 25
Total questions 80

2) Stream SB/SX-  Students enrolled in class XII can give this exam. Syllabus is same. Only the level of questions is higher than that of SA.

Out of four subjects In SB/SX, candidates are required to answer any THREE of four subjects (Physics, Chemistry, Bio, Maths) in Part I and any TWO of four subjects in Part II.

Pattern for  SX/SB stream:


Part I Questions (1 mark per question/-0.25 for wrong answer) Part II Questions (2 marks per question/-0.5 for wrong answer) Total Marks
Mathematics 20 10 40
Physics 20 10 40
Chemistry 20 10 40
Biology 20 10 40
Total questions 90

The exam is of 100 marks.

NEST (National Entrance Screening Test) :

National Entrance Screening Test (NEST) is a compulsory test for students seeking admission to National Institute of Science Education & Research (NISER)Bhubaneswar and University of Mumbai – Department of Atomic Energy Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CEBS), Mumbai. Both NISER and UM-DAE CEBS were set up by Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India in 2007.

Their mandate is to train scientific manpower for carrying out cutting edge scientific research and for providing input to scientific programmes of Department of Atomic Energy and other applied science institutions in the country.

NEST Syllabus 2021 –

NEST 2021 syllabus consists of five sections including Mathematics, General, ChemistryPhysics and Biology. Candidates need to attempt any three subject sections from section 2 to section 5, while section 1 is mandatory for all test takers. Candidates are advised to read the complete article to know the detailed syllabus of NEST 2021 for all sections.

NEST  Biology Syllabus
Sections Topics
Biology Cell Biology, Genetics and Evolution, Ecology, Humans and Environment, Biology of Animal systems- Digestive System, Circulatory System, Excretory System, Nervous System, Reproductive System, Developmental Biology, Immunology, Biology of Plant systems, Systematic
How to Prepare for NEST 2021 Syllabus
  • NEST syllabus 2021 helps candidates to prepare themselves better for the examination and form a preparation strategy
  • Candidates must refer to the syllabus of NEST 2021 for their preparation. No questions will be asked out of this syllabus.
  • Firstly, candidates must go through the complete syllabus of NEST 2021 to know all the important topics and subjects. Based on the subjects and sections, candidates should prepare a timetable for starting with the preparation.
  • Refer good books for each section to get a better understanding of the topics covered in the NEST syllabus 2021.
  • Create short and long notes while studying and covering the subjects. These notes can be used for the purpose of revision later.
  • Along with the NEST 2021 syllabus,candidates must check the exam pattern to know the marking scheme, maximum marks and other important information.
  • After covering the complete NEST syllabus, the applicants must start practicing the previous year question papers and attempt mock tests.
  • Revise the complete syllabus of NEST 2021 again to memorize the topics and get a better grasp on them.
NEST Preparation Books 2021
Biology ·        A Class Book of Botany by A.C Dutta

·        Textbook of Biology by S.C Verma

·        Elementary Biology for Class 12 by K.N Bhatia

·        Textbook of Biology by NCERT

·        Biology Guide by Pradeep

NEST 2021 Exam Pattern

NEST 2021 exam pattern has been decided by NISER (short for National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar) and UM–DAE CEBS (short for University of Mumbai – Department of Atomic Energy Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences, Mumbai). NEST 2021 examination is organized in online (Computer-Based) mode in two sessions. To appear for NEST, candidates must first successfully apply for it. After successfully applying for NEST, candidates will have to go through the exam pattern of NEST 2021.

The exam pattern of NEST 2021 comprises of the type of questions that will be asked in the entrance exam, marking scheme, duration of the test. Understanding the exam pattern will help in better exam preparation. Through the NEST 2021 exam pattern, candidates can get a fair idea about the overall format of the exam. To crack the exam, it must be well versed with the NEST Syllabus.

The NEST 2021 question paper contains five sections of objective type questions. Questions of NEST 2021 will be based on the 10 + 2 standard curriculum. The language of the NEST 2021 Question Paper is in English only. Section 1 is the general section and Sections 2 will contain subject-specific questions from Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Physics. It is in the interest of the aspirants to attempt all sections. Only the highest score of the three sections (in addition to the general section) are considered for merit calculation and the section with the worst score is omitted. To attempt all the sections will increase their chances of a better total score.

The total time duration is 210 minutes. Each section in NEST 2021 question paper is of 50 marks except General Aptitude that consists of 30 marks. There are 230 marks in total. Check out the highlights of NEST 2021 exam pattern for detailed information!

Note: Section 1 of General Aptitude is mandatory for all the applicants.

Highlights of NEST 2021 Exam Pattern
Particulars Details
Examination Mode Online Mode
Medium of the exam English
Nature of Questions paper Multiple Choice Questions (objective type)
Total No. of Sections 5
Name of the Sections Section 1: General Ability,

Section 2: Physics, Chemistry, Maths, and Biology

Sectional Marks Section I – 30 Marks

Section II-V – 50 Marks

Total Marks 230
Total Time Three and a half hours (210 Minutes)
Marking Scheme No negative marking will be applied for Section I
Section-Wise Division of NEST 2021 Question Paper
Sections Total Marks Duration
General Aptitude 30 3 and half hours
Physics 50
Mathematics 50
Chemistry 50
Biology 50
Total 230
NEST 2021 Marking Scheme

The NEST 2021 Marking Scheme will help candidates in understanding the weightage of marks per question and total marks, the marks deducted for every incorrect answer. The total marks for the exam are 230. The marking scheme of NEST 2021 differs according to the sections.

  • There is no negative marking for Section 1 i.e  General section. It means no marks are deducted for any wrong answer.
  • All other sections including Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology have negative marking.

According to the NEST 2021 exam pattern, there may be one or more correct answers in some questions, for which marks can only be earned by marking all the correct answers and no wrong answer.

IISER (Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research) :

Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs) conduct an entrance exam in order to provide admission to candidates in five-year long BS-MS dual degree program offered by them.

On the basis of a candidate’s score in IISER entrance exam (also known as IISER aptitude test), he/she can secure admission at IISER located in Berhampur, Bhopal, Kolkata, Mohali, Pune, Thiruvananthapuram, or Tirupati:

Candidates who have cleared their Class XII in Science stream are eligible to apply for IISER entrance exam 2018.

IISER entrance exam pattern  :   

Multiple-choice questions in four subjects: Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics with equal weightage. A total of 60 questions, 15 questions in each subject. Duration is of 180 minutes i.e. 3 hours. +3 marks for each correct response, 0 for each no response and -1 for each wrong response.

IISC (Indian Institute of Science) , Bangalore: 

Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is a public university which offers education in the area of science & research. The university didn’t conduct any entrance exam to get admission into undergraduate, postgraduate and research programme. The admission into these courses will be based on JEE Main, KVPY (SA or SX), GATE, NEET, JAM, etc.

If you have a rank below 300–250 in SA or SX stream(of KVPY), then you can get admission in IISc for UG. With the help of high ranks in JEE and NEET also you can get admission in IISC but it is very difficult hence better for you to prepare for KVPY from XI only.

ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research): 

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) conducts All India Entrance Examination to shortlist aspirants for admission in undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral programmes in agriculture and allied sciences.

ICAR conducts All India Entrance Examination for admission (AIEEA) to fill 15% seats in Bachelor’s degree programmes. Apart from that, on the basis of AIEEA UG aspirants are awarded “National Talent Scholarships in agriculture & allied science subjects (other than veterinary science) in agricultural universities and 15% seats in dairy technology at NDRI Karnal.”

ICAR AIEEA UG Syllabus for Botany & Zoology

The Botany and Zoology syllabus for ICAR AIEA UG can be checked below –

The Living World Unit of Life
Diversity of Life Organisms and Environment
Multicellularity – Structure and Function – Plant Life Multicellularity – Structure and Function – Animal Life
Continuity of Life Origin and Evolution of Life
Application of Biology
ICAR AIEEA UG 2021 Exam Pattern

The exam pattern of ICAR AIEEA 2021 for UG courses is as follows –

Mode of Exam Computer-Based Test
Duration 150 Minutes (2 Hours & 30 Minutes)
Subject Combinations PCB, PCM, PCA and ABC
Total No. of Questions 150
Total Marks 600
Marks for Each Question 4
Negative Mark for Wrong Answer -1